Gudi padwa is celebrated on the first day of Chaitra month as per Hindu calendar, it falls in the month of March or April. Padwa word comes from the Sanskrit word, which stands for the first day of the bright phase of the moon. Gudi padwa marks the beginning of the new year to the Maharashtrians and it is celebrated with a lot of joy and happiness in Maharashtra. New year brings new dreams and hopes of prosperity. It is also celebrated in the other parts of the India, with different names like Konkanis celebrate Samvatsar Padva. In Karnataka it is Ugadi. Sindhi community celebrates this day as Cheti Chand. It is also celebrated in the North East state of Manipur as Sajibu Nongma Panba Cheiraoba.
Significances of Gudi Padwa
It is believed that it was the day when, God Brahma Created universe.
Gudi flag is symbol of victory it is associated with the victory of Rama over evil Ravana. It is believed that this festival is celebrated to commemorate the coronation of Rama post his return to Ayodhya.
It symbolizes the victory of king Shalivahana over sakas and was hoisted by his people when he returned to paithan.
Gudi padwa signifies to welcome the season spring. On this day, the position of the sun is above the point of intersection of the equator, which according to the Hindu calendar marks the commencement of Spring season.
It is also believed that on this day Lord Rama killed Kishkinda king Bali.
A bright colorful cloth with zari or brocade bordered is tied at the top of the long bamboo stick, some neem tree leaves and mango leaves, sugar crystals and a garland of red flower are attached along with it. This arrangement is capped with a metal pot, it is hoisted outside each household on window, facing right side of the entry, and it is seen by everybody. This is symbol of achievement. This gudi is worshipped by devotees and then the prasad is distributed amongst all the members. In Maharashtra on this occasion of Gudi Padwa prasad is made of Neem leaves, tamarind, ajwain, gram-pulse and jaggery. There is a belief, that this prasad strengthens your immunity system and one can fight against diseases better. It also reminds us that life is sweet and some -time better also.
On this day of new year, after waking up early in the morning, people clean their houses, and take oil bath first. Then they decorate the floor with beautiful rangoli, in the front of the main door. Some people even prefer to keep, in front of the main gate, a pot with coconut, flowers and mango leaves on top of it All members of family dress up with new cloths and get together to perform several rituals and customs that are associated with the celebration of this festival. To celebrate this traditional day people make special dish of bitter leaves of neem tree and sweet jaggery. They also mix sour tamarind and astringent dhane seeds. This is like the pacchadi recipe used in ugadi festival. Sindhi community people make sweet rice (Tehri) and Green leafy vegetable Palak (Saai Bhaaji). In Maharashtra, people make sweet puran poli, Aamti and shrikhand on this day.
It is said that the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj the Great Warrior, of Maharashtra, was the person who started the Gudi Padwa celebrations after his victory. The raising of the Gudi was initiated by Shivaji Maharaj and from that day onwards this has been followed by all Marathi people to welcome the new year. This year of 2018 it falls on 18th of March, 2018. Wish you all happy Gudi padwa in advance.