CHEMICAL PEELING

WORLD OF AESTHETICS

THE MYTHS AND TRUTHS ABOUT CHEMICAL PEELING

Peelings are among the oldest and most widespread aesthetic procedure used in aesthetic dermatology world wide. The classification of peels comprises SUPERFICIAL,MEDIUM DEPTH AND DEEP PEELS. Superficial peels exfoliates the epidermal layer whereas the medium depth exfoliates epidermal to papillary dermis layer and the depth helps in reaching up to reticular dermis layer for regeneration.

HOW PEELING IS DONE:-

It involves the application of a chemical substance to destroy layers of the skin such that they are then spontaneously eliminated over several days and repair mechanism of the epidermis and dermis are induced.

  • PRE-PEELING PREPARATION (PRIMING):-Preparing the skin for peeling  and for the regeneration process.(TRETINOIN,AHA).
  • PRE TREATMENT :-It is very important  for homogenous penetration of the peel and thus the uniform result. The skin is cleansed to remove oil and grease to eliminate debris from the stratum corneum(ACETONE),skin is then rinsed and dried.
  • TREATMENT:-The peeling agent is then applied using an applicator/brush. Contact time depend on the caustic agent used and the desired depth .The peel is neutralized with sodium bicarbonate  or water.
  • POST PEELING CARE:-To accelerate healing moisturizers are prescribed. As the skin become sensitive post chemical exposure ,sunscreen is must before going out in the sun to protect the new skin forming.

Skin sags, bulges and more severe wrinkles do not respond well to chemical peels. Generally fair skinned and light haired are better candidates. Darker skinned people likely to have an uneven skin tone after the procedure.

PEELING AGENTS:-

  • ALPHA HYDROXY ACID AHA:-The most commonly used product is glycolic acid. Concentration varying between 25%-70%.The higher the concentration ,the lower the pH, the more intense the peeling will be.
  • BETA HYDROXY ACID :-A’ peel using a lipophilic derivative of salicylic acid  has recently been introduced. The LHA is used in 5%and10% con.
  • RESORCIN:-The most widely used being jessner’s solution. This provide a superficial peel.

 

SIDE EFFECTS:-

SUPERFICIAL PEEL

  • Redness
  • transient hyperpigmentation
  • pimples

MEDIUM DEPTH PEEL

  • Redness
  • herpes
  • hyperpigmentation
  • lentigines

DEEP PEELS

  • Heart failure (phenol)
  • permanent achromia
  • hypopigmentation
  • infection
  • pain

Chemical peels represents flexible and useful tools for improving skin texture and the effect of aging. This technique is indicated for wrinkles,acne,pigmentary changes. The level of expertise of a dermatologist is crucial for the rate of side effects and the final peel results.

“Be your own kind of Beauty”

Dr.Shireesha Maddali BDS,FMC

 

 

WELCOME TO THE WORLD OF MODERN AESTHETICS

DO WE REALLY LOVE THE KISS OF INJECTION

BOTOX

WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE 15 YEARS LATER…………….

Image result for BOTOX INJECTION

From those who swear by it to those who have sworn off of it, BOTOX is a controversial topic in Bollywood as well as in Hollywood. There was a time when BOTOX was treated like Voldemort: Everyone knew it had magical powers, but no one said its name. Today BOTOX  is well accepted treatment in field of aesthetics due to its immediate result. BOTOX is actually a commercial brand name of a drug. It is administered through injection. It contains a substance called BOTULINUM TOXIN, which is made from a neurotoxin produced by bacteria called clostridium botulinum. A few other species from clostridium family also produce this toxin. It is the most lethal toxin known to man, one gram could be enough to kill one million people.

“I AM JUST SAYING BOTOX CHANGED MY LIFE” Kelly Ripa

THE SCIENCE BEHIND BOTOX

A muscle contracts when a nerve sends it a signal to do so. The signal travels to the end of the nerve and reaches a gap between the nerve and the muscle referred to as the neuromuscular junction. Once the signal reaches a gap between the nerve and the muscles referred to as the neuromuscular junction. Once the signal reaches that point, a chemical named acetylcholine is released from the end of the nerve and binds to receptors on the muscle. This starts a series of reactions that causes the muscles to contract. BOTOX blocks the muscles acetylcholine receptors. when the muscles cannot detect acetylcholine, no contraction occurs. Basically ,the muscle becomes paralyzed because  it cannot receive the signal for movement ,even though there is no damage to it or to the nerves. This blockage of acetylcholine cannot be reversed and will begin 48 hours upon injection of the drug.

HOW IT HELPS TO ACHIEVE WRINKLE FREE SKIN?

  • It relaxes tense muscles which will prevent wrinkles and fine lines.
  • it relaxes the over activity of muscles and stop uncontrollable movement.

“I LOVE BOTOX SO I WILL KEEP ON THAT” Lala Kent

IS THIS THE PERMANENT SOLUTION FOR AGING,FINE LINES AND WRINKLES

  • Absolutely No; the blocked acetylcholine receptors can never be unblocked permanently. Once new receptor develop,acetylcholine will be detected again and muscle contraction will resume.

MEDICAL USES OF BOTOX :-STRABISMUS(CROSSED EYES),BLEPHAROSPASM,CERVICAL DYSTONIA,CHRONIC MIGRAINE,OVER ACTIVE BLADDER.

ADVERSE EFFECT:-ALLERGIC REACTION,BLEEDING IN THE BACK OF THE EYES,AUTONOMIC DYSREFLEXIA,LIMITS THE RANGE OF FACIAL EXPRESSION.

HOW SUCCESSFUL IS IT ?

BOTOX results have an extremely high success rate in both men and women, it provides noticeable results within days following an injection. These fountain-of-youth bringing results will remain in the skin for between four and six months.

“You can’t buy happiness but you can buy BOTOX and that’s kind of the same thing”

 

Workplace Communication Skills

Communication works for those who work at it. Thus said John Powell.

Just because we have been talking all our lives does not mean we have good communication skills. It takes a conscious effort on the part of an individual to develop the ability to communicate. In the world of business with increased sophistication, it is imperative that people at all levels develop effective skills for communication
Our day to day business communication is an amalgamation of email and text messaging interspersed with face to face communication.
Let us acquaint ourselves with each skill

Verbal Communication Skills

  • Saying the right thing at the right time is the most important point
  • Be friendly and approachable. Be loud and clear while talking. Keep the audience engaged by interaction
  • Know your audience, use words familiar to them. Do not hesitate or fumble making them lose confidence in you
  • The audience has loads of things on their minds, their mortgages, their assignments, family issues because of which the attention span is limited. Know what are the most important points you want them to retain and take with them. Reiterate the key points. Tell them what you are going to tell them, tell them what you have to tell them, tell them what you told them. Make sure, the speaker and the listener are on the same page by summarising and asking for feedback
  • Do not lose focus of the topic of discussion. Do not let your train of thought derail. Be precise and to the point.

Non-Verbal Communication Skills

  • It enhances the expression of the message. Statistics quote that the non-verbal component constitutes 93% of the communication, wherein 38% constitutes the vocal element, your volume, pitch, tone, how you sound. 55% is the non-verbal elements, the facial expressions, the body language, the gestures, the posture and so on. Only 7% is conveyed through the words.   Though the weight of the different elements depends on the situation and the individuals involved, HOW we say is more important than WHAT we say.
  • Making eye contact is very important when interacting with someone, it signifies the gravity of the statement.
  • You also need to appear confident by maintaining the correct posture. People would be more keen on listening if you stand straight appear balanced and relaxed rather than when you slouch and appear bored.
  • A smile opens communication doors.
  • The tone of voice conveys a wealth of information from enthusiasm to disinterest

Listening Skills

  • Communication is not only about talking and presenting your ideas but also about listening and comprehending
  • Giving undivided attention to the speaker without being distracted by external stimuli or internal thought process; thus listening without distortion and incorporating the views in the communication
  • Listening shows that you have an open mind, respect and accept others’ opinions resulting in an active collaboration
  • Acknowledging, summarizing and paraphrasing by the listener promotes two-way communication
  • Asking questions affirms your engagement in a conversation and asserts clarity
  • More often than not, we are preparing our own dialog while listening to someone which results in distortion of the message received

Writing Skills

  • Written communication must be as clear and concise as possible. Long enough to cover all the important points and short enough to qualify as business communication
  • Avoid ambiguity
  • Review the writing before sending. A grammar check and spell check  would be advisable
  • Make sure to involve only the relevant people while addressing written communication
  • Follow up to ensure that the person on the other end has understood and is able to undertake the task

Follow these pointers and be a better communicator.

Happy Communicating!!

By N.S.S

14thJan, 2018

 

Simple Money Saving Tips For Students

Penny saved is Penny earned, how often do our parents quote Benjamin Franklin. This quote teaches us life’s important lessons of self-control and discretion so we can save and spend the money well on the right things at the right time.

Here are a few tips on how as students, you can not only make do with the tight budget but also save money to spend it well on that dream you secretly guard.

*Plan your budget and stay focused. Know your recurring expenses and keep some amount aside for the accidental expenses that you might encounter.

*Pay bills on time or even before the due date to avoid late fees and get early bird discounts

*Buy grocery from the supermarket that offers maximum discounts, plan your visit to the supermarket so that you have a list ready to avoid impulsive buying. Negotiate and haggle on purchases that permit it

*Make sure you have no dues on your credit cards, lest you waste your money paying unwanted interests. This will even help you have a better credit score for future loans and purchases

*As far as possible use Public Transport or carpooling or a two-wheeler pooling to save on fuel. Short distances can be walked to or cycled to, thus saving your Gym membership expenses as well.

*Join a local library so you can borrow the books you like to read. Buy used textbooks or reference books, they would be cheaper and often have the important stuff highlighted 😉 and tips written on the corners of the books that turn out to be more helpful than the material in the textbook itself. Photocopying a reference book also can be done.

* Say NO to tempting and expensive brands. Brands are for the future you, not the present you.

*Party at home rather than in extravagant places. Where ever possible, encash on student discounts or bulk discounts, like a food joint or lounge. Also, there are weekdays when these places allow free entry to students, party on those free days.

*Kick the butt, stay away from vices that leave you in debt.

*Try earning scholarships for various courses

*Use WiFi where ever possible, make sure you have a pre-paid data plan so you do not overindulge

*Plan your travel well in advance to get cheaper deals

Now that we have gone through tips on saving money, here are a few on how to get the extra income*Coach other students on academics or any form of art like playing a musical instrument or a dance form or a sport which helps you make the extra bucks

*If something is not useful to you anymore, try selling it to someone who can find a use for it personally on various websites available thus making the extra pocket money

*Working at the local coffee shop is also an option that can be considered.

With power packed determination and dedication “Mission Savings”
here we come!!!

Dhanteras

Dhanteras

Dhanteras is the beginning of Diwali the biggest festival of Hindus, the festival of lights. On this day Hindus worship Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kuber. (Lord Kuber is treasurer of money and Gold). It is believed that Goddess Laxmi came out from Kshir Sagar (Milky Ocean) holding a pot of gold and money in her hand on this day. As per Hindu rituals, on Dhanteras people buy some new things of metal like steel utensils, silver coins, gold jewellery, or items made of iron and copper. This festival falls on thirteenth day of Kartika month. On Diwali people wear new cloths and decorate their houses, offices, shops, and industries to welcome Goddess Laxmi. In front of the houses people also make rangoli, and make foot prints signifying the presence of Goddess Laxmi. People light colourful diyas and welcome Goddess Laxmi.
Housewives light diyas after sunset for Lord Yama.

There is story of King Hima’s son, whose death was predicted on the fourth day of his marriage by a snake bite. As the new wedded bride came to know about it, she built a heap of her gold ornaments on the door of the bedroom and kept her husband awake the whole night by talking and singing for him. When Lord Yama in form of snake visited in the palace to bite the prince, he was blinded on seeing dazzling metal. Since Yama missed the set time of death of prince and prince was saved, also leading to the celebration of Dhanteras. Even today some people keep lamps burning through the night on Dhanteras.

In the evening, the family members get together and pray first Lord Ganesha, after that they worship Dhanwantri, for good health and wellbeing of their family. People also pray God, who holds the kalasha full of nectar of immortality, Lord Dhanvantri removes all the fears and diseases. The Lord Dhanvantri is empowered to heal our souls also. Dhanteras is also called Dhanvantari Trayadashi. Dhanvantri is also worshipped on the occasion of Dhanteras, is the God of Ayurveda for betterment of man and help to get rid of the suffering of disease. National Ayurveda Day was first observed on 28t Oct., 2016.

During the Pradosh Kaal which is the time after sunset and remain for about two and half hours, Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped on Dhanteras. A piece of new red cloth should be spread on the raised platform. A handful of grains in the middle of the cloth, a kalash filled with water and mango leaves, water mixed with Ganga jal, a fruit, a flower, a coin and some rice grains are also kept together. The idol of Lord Ganesh and goddess Lakshmi are kept on grains. The important business books are also kept. Also (Diyas) light is lit, and offer prayers for the success, happiness and prosperity.

This year Dhanteras festival will be on 5th November 2018. We wish you all happy and prosperous Dhanteras in advance.

Eight forms of divine Goddess Lakshmi

Eight forms of divine Goddess Lakshmi –“ Ashta Lakshmi”

Devi Lakshmi –The Hindu Goddess has eight forms :- Prosperity, Health, Wealth, Beauty, Knowledge, Strength, Progeny and Power. T

1.Aadi Lakshmi– The Great Goddess – Maha Laxmi
This form of Goddess Lakshmi is portrayed as four hands, wearing red sari, holding a lotus and a white flag in her two hands while the other two hands are in Abhaya and Varada mudra.
The Aadi Lakshmi is daughter of sage Brigu. Wife of Lord Vishnu.
Aadi Lakshmi or Maha Laxmi is the Goddess of wealth, beauty, prosperity and fortune. She came out of the kshir sagara (the milky ocean)

2.Dhana Lakshmi– The Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity
This form of Goddess Lakshmi is portrayed as six hands, wearing red sari, holding a discus, a conch, the holy pitcher, bow, arrow and the sixth hand is in abhaya mudra with gold coins rolling from her palm.
Dhana Lakshmi is Goddess of money, gold and power.

3.Dhaanya Lakshmi– The Goddess of food Grains.
This form of Goddess Lakshmi is portrayed in green sari and having eight hands. Holding two lotuses, a mace, a sheaf of paddy, sugarcane, bananas and other two hands are in abhaya and varada mudra.
Dhaanya Lakshmi is Goddess of food grains. The basic need.

4.Gaja Lakshmi– The Elephant Goddess
This form of Goddess Lakshmi is portrayed by two elephants bathing her with water posts as she sits on a lotus, she is in red sari and having four hands, holding two lotuses, other two hands are in abhaya and varada mudra.
Gaja Lakshmi is Goddess of transportation.

5.Santana Lakshmi- The Goddess of Progeny
This form of Goddess Lakshmi is portrayed as six hands, holding two pitchers, a sword, and a shield, in one hand she is holding a child and remaining one hand is in abhaya mudra.
Santana Lakshmi is worshiped in this form to beget children and continue the name of the family.

6. Veera Lakshmi- The Goddess of Courage
This form of Goddess Lakshmi is portrayed as wearing red sari and is having eight hand , holding a discus, a conch, a bow, an arrow, a sword,a book, remaining two hands are in abhaya and varada mudra
Veera Lakshmi is Goddess of courage to fight against evil.

7.Vida Lakshmi- The Goddess of Knowledge
This form of Goddess Lakshmi is portrayed as sitting on lotus, wearing a white sari, having four hands, holding two lotuses on both hands, with other two hands are in abhaya and varada mudra.
Vidya Lakshmi is Goddess of knowledge (Goddess Saraswati or sharda)

8.Vijaya Lakshmi- The Goddess of Victory
This form of Goddess Lakshmi is portrayed as she is sitting on a lotus wearing a red sari and having eight hands, holding a discus, a conch, a trident, a shield, a noose, a lotus and remaining two hands are in abhaya and varada mudra. Vijaya Lakshmi is worshiped for victory and the success in all our ventures.

These are eight forms of Laksmi mata , all Hindus worship Maa on Diwali. The biggest festival of Hindus and seek her blessing.

Why do good people suffer?

Why do good people suffer is question of many people. Many people say why me? What have I done wrong? I have harmed or hurt nobody. Then why me? Again and again this question arise, it comes in mind. People say till I remember I have not done anything wrong. Then why I am suffering. I pray many times in a day. I ask God for help and protection. Every morning and night I offer a prayer. I also think about God and keep praying. Why of all the people did this happen to me?

This is the answer to the repeated question that why do people suffer? It becomes clear when we understand, the Law of Karma ( what you sow so shall you reap.) and reincarnation. Law of karma is cause, and effect. Every effect must have a cause, the effect we see now must have a cause, recent or remote, whatever suffering I am getting today is cause of behind. Dhritrashtra King of Hastanapur. When Mahabarata war was over he asked Shri Krishna why I am blind and I have lost my hundred sons? I have been good to everyone. And shri Krishna told him that an earlier incarnation he had been a tyrant King, one day as he walked by a lake side, he saw a swan bird surrounded by a hundred signets. He asked his people to remove the eyes of the swan bird and kill all the hundred signets just to please his passing fancy. And Krishna also said that what you sow so shall you reap, one cannot sow thorns and reap apples. The low of karma is universal in its application , it applies equally to all we are sowing seeds every day in the field of life. Every thought that we think, every word that we utter, every deed we perform, every emotion we arouse within me every feeling fancy wish that awakens within me, are seeds I am sowing in the field of life, in due course the seeds will germinate and grow into tree and yield fruit, we have to eat whether bitter or sweet. Some causes produce their effects immediately and some after a long time. You are the builder of your own life. Therefore, be careful of your thoughts. The theory of Karma is wide to understand and it kept secret and our karmic links are not known to us? Else it may be difficult for us to live in the world. For example there may be a woman whose husband, in the present incarnation, was her enemy in an earlier incarnation and has now become her husband to settle previous accounts.

The natural law is “As you think, so you become” and another Law is “As you sow, so shall you reap” and these two law together becomes the law of karma, There is an incident, a little boy, one night came home, and felt thirsty he drank few sips of water than he noticed that there was something wriggling which looked like a snake in the water. The very thought that came in his mind that he had taken poisoned water, he dropped down on the floor muttering “ I am dying, I am dying”. Family members rushed to find what had happened to him. One of them rang to doctor. Another asked, what made him feel that he was dying. In a frightened voice, he said that he had taken water from a glass that had a snake in it. Other family member went to kitchen to investigate and found that what had happened in the dark, to be a snake was actually, a string. As he heard those words, he jumped up, strong as ever. Thought has great influence on the body and mind. Therefore take care of thoughts. We need to understand that thoughts have force, thoughts are things, every thought generate for my good or evil. Every thought has form and colour. The though may have the form of an angel or demon depending up to its contents. If I think thought of peace, purity, love, prayer, sympathy or service, it will stick me wearing the form of an angel. If I think a thought of envy, jealousy, hatred, greed, dishonesty it will stick to me wearing the form of demon.

Take care of your desires also. With whatever desires, impulses, ambitions, feelings and thoughts you are building your own life, no one else is to blame for your present condition. You have built with your own thoughts and desires generated in the near or distant past. The forces of thoughts and desires have magnetic power. If we are surrounded by demoniac forms they attract to themselves many more demons. The desire to make easy and fast money, drives to cheatings.

Whom God loves send trials and tribulations. Those who love God with bottom of their heart, God also love them. Whoever would be chosen of God must gladly submit to a process of purification. He must be prepared to pass though the fire of suffering and he purified as thrice-burnished gold. There was a black smith who loved God deeply, even though he had to face many a sufferings. He was asked how can you lay your trust in a God who sends sufferings? Immodestly he replied as I have to make a tool I take place of iron and put it into the fire. Then I strike it on the anvil to see if it will take temper. If it does I know I can make something useful out of it. If not, I toss it on the scrap-heap. This has made me pray to the Lord, again and again “Lord put me into the fire of suffering.”

“Trust” is the name of relationship

What does relationship means? Relationship is a “TRUST” and “CARE”.
Relationship does not mean how much time you spent together, but it is how much you trust, how much you love, how much care you have for each other. Relationship means honesty. In any relationship every human being has expectations from each other but good relations last only when we are aware of our expectations, behaviour, actions, words, facial expressions, attitude, attention. At times we feel neglected because of our unreasonable expectations. Every relationship can be made stronger through good communication. Unfortunately, most people don’t learn to communicate effectively as they grow in age. When we are small we learn to speak, but what to speak, when and where to speak it takes life time to learn. In any relation effective communication is necessary.
It would be a great care if you understand other person’s feelings, needs, likes and dislikes clearly. And if you sacrifice your own needs and happiness to satisfy other persons desires, you may end up with fight and disappointment, so convey your feelings too. Understanding grows properly when a person understands himself and other persons emotions, desires, needs and work out mutually. This is a way to make relations strong.
We meet different people and build different type of relations such as family, colleague, teacher, student, children, boss, friend, romantic relations. It is very important to understand that in different relations we have different part to play. And there are different expectations in every relation. Sometimes, these expectations are clearly understood by both the parties and sometimes they just develop as people spend time with each other.
Depth and sincerity in relations are most important factors. We should have few good and solid relations, rather than focusing on too many people, who slip in and out of your life, as and when they want. Relationships are to provide emotional fulfilment that humans need as social animal. People have an innate need to feel loved, connected, and important to someone else. Some people feel this need more strongly, some don’t. Even if you don’t want the emotional benefits of relationships, you can benefit for networking, career opportunities, someone to call when you are in trouble.
A healthy relationship requires two ways traffic. Try to not to waste time in arguing. In relationship try to keep check on happiness of each other. Fulfil your promises. Don’t just say you will get a birthday gift and forget about it. By doing this other person will lose trust in you. If your memory is not good, write it down on personal diary or set a reminder in your cell phone. Try to keep your promises. If you cannot keep your promises, admit your mistake. You have to be responsible for your actions and cannot make anyone else guilty or responsible for your own mistakes. If you notice a mistake, apologize for the same without wasting time. Be realistic and loyal in your relationship.
What makes a relationship strong and healthy, choose the ways and resolve those problems and push though the hard days, instead of just later issues. Working on problems will help you to be positive. Positivity helps in making relations good.

How to remain Happy ?

Most people have no control over their emotional well-being. It is said that life is a matter of choices. Being happy is a choice. Decide, “Whatever the circumstances I want to be happy and I will be happy always.” There are no terms and conditions for happiness. Most people are as happy as they decide to be. Happiness doesn’t depend upon who you are or what you have. It depends on what you think . Our basic psychological needs include feeling loved, secure, and good at what we do. You also want to have a sense of control. Money doesn’t automatically fill these requirements, but it sure can help. I’ve learned to look for ways to spend money to stay in closer contact with my family and friends; to promote my health; to work more efficiently; to eliminate sources of irritation and marital conflict; to support important causes; and to have enlarging experiences. For example, when my sister got married, I splurged on a better SMART PHONE . It was expensive, but it gave me a lot of happiness . We expect others to treat us better than we treat them. We work out a few times and stress because we don’t instantly look like models. We want to live like rockstars, ignoring the fact that only a few people reach that level of success .In short, we tend to have unreasonable expectations. The difference between what we feel entitled to and what we actually get is the source of much misery .Accept life in its entirety; stop thinking in terms of what should be and accept what is. When you live without entitlement, every good thing becomes a wonderful surprise. Even better, expecting nothing means never being disappointed. Expectation is also the root cause of all the sorrows . “The best remedy for those who are afraid, lonely or unhappy is to go outside, somewhere where they can be quiet, alone with the heavens, nature and God. As long as this exists, and it certainly always will, then there will be comfort for every sorrow, whatever the circumstances may be.” Anne Frank
Here are few ways that I follow. Hope they help you too.
A. Hang around with positive people who make you smile. Avoid those who are perpetually complaining and criticising.
B. Always remind yourself that nothing is more important than your peace and happiness. You are born to be happy!
C. Always keep a goal in life, something to look forward to. That will keep you motivated.
D. Try to make the best of every situation. Spend time reading, watching movies, exploring your hobbies and most importantly travel. Travel as much as you can. Focus on collecting memories that last a lifetime. 

Conclusion
At the end of the day, bad things will happen to you. You will have highs, lows and lots of mediums in your life. You’re only human, just like everybody else. So Just change the attitude and thinking towards it . IF YOU WANT TO BE HAPPY – MAKE OTHERS HAPPY – Dada

Birds and People

Are Birds the most detached creations of God? When a mother bird has fulfilled her responsibility of nourishing the newly born baby in the nest, she allows the baby to fly away into the sky, mingle with all other birds and form her own flocks. Complete freedom!
We humans are the most attached creations and will go to any extent to protect our families and wealth. This creates divisions in our society based on sub castes, castes, religions, cultures, languages, states and countries that fight for superiority.
Express your opinion.