QUTUB MINAR

QUTAB MINAR IS  A TOWER OF VICTORY  BUILT IN 1193 BY QUTAB UD DIN AIBAK immediately after the defeat of delhi’s  last hindu kingdom.

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Built in the early 13 century a few kms from south  delhi, the red sandstone tower of qutb minar is 72.5m high ,tapering from 2.75m in diameter at its peak to 14.32m at its  base,and alternating angular and rounded flutings.The surrounding archaeological area contains funerary buildings,notably the magnificient  ALAIDARWAZA GATE,the  masterpiece of INDO MUSLIM ART and two mosques were built of material reused from some 20 brahman temples.

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The origin of QUTUB MINAR are shrouded in controversy.Some believe it was erected as a tower of a victory to signify the beginning of muslim rule in INDIA, other say it served  as a minaret to the muezzin to call the faithful to prayer.

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The towers style is basically Iranian,though likely patterned on Afghanistans Minaret of Jam and adapted to local artistic conventions by the incorporation of looped bells and garlands and lotus borders into the carving.

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The tower has 5 superposed,tapering storeys.The lowest three comprise fluted cylindrical shaft or columns of pale red sandstone,separated  by flanges and by storeyed balconies,carried on muqarnas corbels.The fourth column is of marble and is relatively plain.The fifth is of marble and sandstone.The  flanges are a darker red sandstone throughout and  are engraved with quranic texts and decorative elements.At the foot of the tower is the  QUWWAT UL ISLAM MOSQUE.

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Before 1974 ,the general public was allowed access to the top ,due to many accidents that happened ,the government decided to not allow tourist to access the top of minar.

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DR.SHIREESHA MADDALI

TAJ MAHAL

THE SYMBOL OF LOVE

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TAJMAHAL is an ivory white marble mausoleum on the bank of the Yamuna river in the city of Agra.Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1643,but the complete construction work was completed around after 10 years i.e. 1653.

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Entry to the TAJMAHAL complex via the forecourt, which in the sixteenth century housed shops,and through a monumental gate of inlaid and highly decorated red sandstone made for a first impression of grand splendor and symmetry.

 

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Shah Jahan was the fifth ruler of the Mughal dynasty. During his third regnal year, his favorite wife, known as Mumtaz mahal died due to complications arising from the birth of their fourteenth child. Deeply saddened ,the emperor started planning the construction of a suitable, permanent resting place for his beloved wife almost immediately.

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The Base structure is a large multi chambered cube with chamfered corners forming and unequal 8 sided structure.Each side of iwan (an arch shaped doorway)is with huge pishtaq or vaulted archway with two similarly shaped balconies stacked on either side.

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Four minarets frame the tomb ,one at each of the plinth facing the chamfered corners. The main chamber houses the false sarcophagi of mumtaz mahal and shah jahan, the actual graves are at lower level.

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The exterior decoration are among the finest in Mughal architecture. The decorative elements were created by applying by applying paint, stucco, stone carvings .Throughout the complex  are passages from quran that comprise some of the decorative elements. The passages were chosen by amanat khan.

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The TAJMAHAL was designated as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1983 for being “the jewel of muslim art in india and one of the universally admired master pieces of the world heritage. TAJMAHAL attracts 7-8 millions visitors a year. In 2007 it was declared winner of the NEW7WONDERS OF THE WORLD initiative.

DR.SHIREESHA MADDALI

 

 

INCREDIBLE MADHYAPRADESH

 

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INCREDIBLE MADHYA PRADESH

At the central part of INDIA,we have our incredible madhyapradesh.MP is full of history,heritage,religion,culture and natural beauty.MP has won BEST TOURISM STATE NATIONAL AWARD for 3 consecutive year ie 2015,2016,2017.

It consists of mountain ranges of the vindhyas and satpuras,this hill inturn give rise to the main river system of north india ie NARMADA  TAPTI,CHAMBAL,SONE,BETWA AND MAHANADI.Spectacular mountain ranges,meandering rivers dotted with hills and lakes and miles and miles of dense forest offering a unique and exciting panorama of wildlife.

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KHAJURAHO GROUP OF MONUMENTS-located in Jhansi ,is a group of hindu and jain temples.They are one of the UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE.

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BUDDHIST MONUMENTS AT SANCHI-It is a Buddhist complex famous for its stupain raisen district of BHOPAL,originally commissioned by the emperor ASHOKA in 3 rd centuary BCE.

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BHIMBETKA ROCK SHELTER-These are an archeological sites that spans the prehistoric Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods.It is located in the raisen district of BHOPAL.It is also one of the UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITE.

WORLD’S FIRST WHITE TIGER SAFARI OPENS IN MP

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WILDLIFE AND HEART OF INDIA-MP is home to 9 national parks and 25 wildlife sanctuaries.KANHA NATIONAL PARK is located in the maikal hills of the satpura mountain range and is land of tiger.BANDHAVGARH TIGER RESERVE is located between vindhya and satpura mountain ranges,and is associated with its tiger population even before it was turned into tiger reserve.

DNT MISS-

JATASHANKAR CAVES-Located near panchmarhi town,it is believed that shiva came here from the mahadeo range to escape the demon bhasmasur.

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PANCHMARHI’S WATERFALL-It is surrounded by numerous waterfalls which come alive during monsoon.These are result of a perennial system plunging down from a height of 35 m and also provide water to panchmarhi.

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JABALPUR BALANCING ROCKS-It is believed to be result of an eroded volcanic rock formation.

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KHAJURAHO-Famous for its sensual sculptures,is one of the best examples of temple architecture in INDIA.It was built by the chandela dynasty .It contain both hindu and jain temples which are divided into western,eastern and southern complexes.

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CHANDERI-Most famous for its hand woven saris ,was an important stop on the trading routes passing through central india,is situated at a distance of 127 km from lalitpur.

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MADHYAPRADESH TO BE DEVELOPED AS THE HUB OF WATER TOURISM.

Madhya Pradesh is one of the most beautiful yet underrated travel destination in india.It is home to a natural paradise and a whole lot of wildlife.From the bustling markets and the music gharanas to the religious places and the historic ones,MADHYAPRADESH IS ONE STOP DESTINATION FOR EVERY TRAVELLER WHO WANTS TO EXPLORE INDIA.

DR.SHIREESHA MADDALI.

 

 

 

Places To Visit In India

India is a land of unity in diversity, it is a vast country with a variety of languages, cultures, topography ranging from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh, not to forget the three water bodies that surround the country. As a result, the tourism business is flourishing in the country. Though even a lifetime would not be enough to cover all the places in this country, there are a couple of places which cannot be given a miss.

Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh

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This is the only hill station in Madhya Pradesh, Pachmarhi is also referred to as the queen of the Satpura ranges. It is skirted on all sides by the stupendous and dotted with beautiful 10,000 years old man-made cave shelters, dense sal forests and bamboo thickets. It is situated at an altitude of 1100m. The calm and the scenic hill station is a masterpiece with ancient caves of the Buddhist era residing in consonance with tranquil waterfalls.

Pachmarhi is linked to the epic of Mahabharata and gets its name from the words ‘pach’ meaning five and ‘marhi’ meaning caves. The Pandavas, visited this area during their years in exile. They carved out five caves for living in them, thus the name.

This city was discovered in the modern times by Captain James Forsyth of the British Army, this city houses enchanting churches built in colonial style architecture. You would not want to miss the monsoons here.

Places to visit

  • Jata Shankar Caves
  • Dhoop Garh
  • Bee Falls
  • Pandava Caves
  • Satpura National Park
  • Handi Khoh
  • Mahadeo Hills
  • Bison Lodge Museum
  • Churches
  • Chaura Garh Temple

Rameswaram, Tamilnadu

Image result for rameswaram templeRameswaram is a town in the Ramanathapuram district in the South Indian state of Tamilnadu. Pilgrims flock to this temple to seek blessings and repent for sins by bathing in the water of the  22 sacred wells of the temple. It is one of the four major pilgrimage sites of Hindus.

Rameswaram is linked to the epic of Ramayana and the name is coined from Ram-Eshwar which means ‘the place where Eshwar was worshipped by Ram”. Eshwar is referred here as Lord Shiva. Goddess Sita made the Shivalingam of sand (Ramalingam)and together Lord Ram and Goddess Sita worshipped the Shivalingam.  The temple also has the Visvakingam that Hanuman brought from the Kailash. This temple is also recognized as being the southernmost ‘jyotirlinga’ of India among the 12 jyotirlingas of India.

The temple comprises of small shrines, dedicated to other deities. There is an enormous image of Nandi (Lord Shiva’s Bull) which is 12 feet in length and 9 feet in height. The temple has the longest corridor amid the temples in India.

The sea life off the shore of Rameswaram is one of the richest in India. Coral reefs are popular which makes it a great spot for scuba diving, snorkeling and several other water activities

Places to visit

  • Ramanathaswamy Temple
  • Former President A.P.J Abdul Kalam House
  • Ruined Temple/Church of Dhanushkodi
  • Dhanushkodi Beach
  • Ram Setu (Adam’s Bridge)
  • Paambam Rail/Road bridge across the Palk Strait

By NSS

20th March 2018

Best places to Visit in India

 

Travel while you’re still young or even when you’re young at heart. Lose yourself to find your own self.

  1. Goa – The Official Party Hub – Goa has to be the amongst the first few places to visit in India in your twenties and teenagers. Most of the people in India celebrate their bachelor party there. Best time to visit here in November to February. Amazing Nightlife, the variety of booze, beach shacks and dirt cheap prices. Goa is one of the best holiday destinations in India that makes your trip memorable. How to reach there is very easy. It is possible through all 3 modes of transport which are roadways, airways, and railways.
  2. Srinagar – The gem of Kashmir – If you’re in your twenties and at any age then it’s a time to add Kashmir to your list of best places to visit in India. If there is heaven on earth, this is it! The best place to visit here is from April to October. Amazing attractions that are Dal lake ( boating in shikaras and night stays in houseboats), Nishat Bagh, Shalimar Bagh, Tomb of Zin-ul-Abidin, Jama Masjid, Hazratbal Mosque and Shankaracharya Hill. How to reach is again easy here as Srinagar has its own airport and by railways and roadways.
  3. Leh Ladakh – The Biker’s Paradise – Undoubtedly, Leh- Ladakh is on every travel enthusiasts list of places to visit in India before they turn 30. Ride on the crazy winding roads, get stuck in the middle of the nowhere, sleep with the locals and learn to be independent on the desert mountain as you undertake the adventurous journey. Best time to visit here is April to mid-May and Mid-September to Mid-October. How to reach here is little difficult but all the 3 modes of transport are available.
  4. Kerala – The Magical God’s own Country – From the hills to the waterways, let this backwater paradise charm you – The people who love nature they are most welcome in this place. A trip to God’s own country is a must in your any age for its enchanting wilderness, luscious green trees, pristine water, crazy wildlife experience. Bes time to reach here is November to January and June to August and the best way to reach here is my airport and by the railways.
  5. Udaipur – The romantic City of lakes – Udaipur is called the Venice of the east, but the different Rajasthani hues of the city surely make it stand out. The city of lakes has to be surely listed in your list to visit. All it takes is one sight to fall in love with this charming floating city. The Film Yeh Jawaani Hai Deewani has shown the beautiful views of Udaipur and after watching the movie everyone dreams to have their destination wedding in Udaipur. Boating, Trekking, sightseeing are just a few activities which are done there. Best time to visit here is from September to March. All the modes of transport can make you reach here.

The Floating Post Office

 

The pristine waters of Srinagar’s Dal Lake sparkle in the spring sun, reflecting in between the picturesque ripples the magnificent Himalayan peaks that accessorize the skyline. Amidst the beauty of the houseboats and shikaras, floats a one of a kind POST OFFICE. Yet another attraction for tourists visiting the Dal Lake. This Floating Post Office is another feather in the cap of India which is the most widely distributed postal network and the largest number of post offices in the world.

This post office is claimed to be the only such in the world and is built on an intricately carved houseboat, anchored on the western edge of the Dal Lake.  The heritage post office existed during the British rule. But it was repurposed and renamed by the then Chief Post Master John Samuel. It was inaugurated by then Chief Minister Omar Abdullah and Minister of State for Communications and IT, Sachin Pilot in 2011. It offers regular postal services as well as saving schemes.

The Floating Post Office additionally houses a Philately Museum showcasing the stamp collection and the fascinating postal history of the state. There is a Souvenir shop selling stamps, postcards, greeting cards and books on Kashmir.

Another distinctive feature of this post office is that the letters here carry a unique design with pictures of captivating landscapes of the Dal lake and other charming sceneries of Srinagar. These pictures are to promote Kashmir tourism wherever the letters travel.  They also have a special stamp of their own that depicts a man rowing a shikara.

The tourists take a boat ride to the post office just to send a postcard back home to their loved ones. The residents, use it for their normal post office work, including banking and saving. Labourers and farmers working nearby and those who run the shikara business all go to this post office to deposit their savings. This is the nearest post office for them.

Apart from the threat of destruction due to natural disasters like floods which are rare, the post office is safely afloat. As a matter of fact, the people working or frequenting the post office also mention that it is a pleasant and airy place where there is no need of the fan throughout the year.

This Post Office,  adds to the resplendence of the lake and is a  befitting tribute to the Dal Lake. So when are you visiting this mail in the pail?

By NSS
12th February, 2018