Navroze the new beginning
Nav means new, roze means day. Navroze is New Year day. It is the first day of the first month (Farvardin), in the Iranian Calendar it falls in the month of March. People from different religious traditions take part in this festival. The last day of the Parsi Calendar year, observed on the evening of Navroze, is a day of penance where one repents for their sins. Therefore, the Parsi New Year is linked to Zoroastrian religion. It is a holiday that originated in Iran, and it represents a yearly renewal of everything in the universe. Now it is celebrated in other parts of world, like- India, Iraq, Russia, Syria, Turkey & Pakistan. It is a holy day for zoroastrian’s. This holiday can be directly linked to the festivals of Tiregan and Yalda. It welcomes to Spring season in the Northern Hemisphere, special thanks giving prayers are offered. Some Parsi’s celebrate the New Year festival in the month of August.
To celebrate this day people starts preparation from several weeks before the New Year. They clean their houses, special decorations adorn the interior and exterior of the house. These decorations include garlands of the flowers. People buy gifts for each other, they also buy new cloths and new furniture.
Parsi Community people get together to celebrate the day, visitors are sprinkled with rose water as they enter home to welcome them. People also give charities to poor and needy people. They visit to the Fire Temple anchors for holiday together. People head to the temple to pray and give thanks for the New Year. parsis mark the day of ‘Muktad’ the last ten days of the religious calendar. According to the Parsi tradition, during these ten days, the souls who have left the world come to bless them and special prayers are held at the Agyari during these days said Anklesaria. Various members of the community gather at the Parsi Sanatorium.
People decorate a table with seven items that represent the new season, which begin with the persian letter (S)
There is list of symbolic objects of ‘Table of Seven S’ S”
1) Sumac-Spice of life – this represents the fertility.
2) Sabzeh -Brightly coloured eggs represents rebirth
3) Seer –Garlic represents Good health
4) Sonbol –Hyacinths represents spring
5) Samanu Wheat pudding-sweetness of life
6) Seeb –Apples represents beauty
7) Serkeh –Vinegar represents patience.
This festival is celebrated with great feasts, people make special dishes like Sabzi (rice dish), soup is made from noodles, whey, lentils, onions and spring onions called Ash reshteh. Desserts are also made called naan Berengi (rice cookies), a pastry called Baqlava and sugar coated almond called Noghi. It is an important event, people get together to spend time with their families, and the ones they love. This festival is an important to many other communities also like, Muslims and Zoroastrians. This festival is incomplete without a feast and the sweets made, using semolina as well as veermicelli along with fish preparations usually this celebration is within families.