Dhanteras is the beginning of Diwali the biggest festival of Hindus, the festival of lights. On this day Hindus worship Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kuber. (Lord Kuber is treasurer of money and Gold). It is believed that Goddess Laxmi came out from Kshir Sagar (Milky Ocean) holding a pot of gold and money in her hand on this day. As per Hindu rituals, on Dhanteras people buy some new things of metal like steel utensils, silver coins, gold jewellery, or items made of iron and copper. This festival falls on thirteenth day of Kartika month. On Diwali people wear new cloths and decorate their houses, offices, shops, and industries to welcome Goddess Laxmi. In front of the houses people also make rangoli, and make foot prints signifying the presence of Goddess Laxmi. People light colourful diyas and welcome Goddess Laxmi.
Housewives light diyas after sunset for Lord Yama.
There is story of King Hima’s son, whose death was predicted on the fourth day of his marriage by a snake bite. As the new wedded bride came to know about it, she built a heap of her gold ornaments on the door of the bedroom and kept her husband awake the whole night by talking and singing for him. When Lord Yama in form of snake visited in the palace to bite the prince, he was blinded on seeing dazzling metal. Since Yama missed the set time of death of prince and prince was saved, also leading to the celebration of Dhanteras. Even today some people keep lamps burning through the night on Dhanteras.
In the evening, the family members get together and pray first Lord Ganesha, after that they worship Dhanwantri, for good health and wellbeing of their family. People also pray God, who holds the kalasha full of nectar of immortality, Lord Dhanvantri removes all the fears and diseases. The Lord Dhanvantri is empowered to heal our souls also. Dhanteras is also called Dhanvantari Trayadashi. Dhanvantri is also worshipped on the occasion of Dhanteras, is the God of Ayurveda for betterment of man and help to get rid of the suffering of disease. National Ayurveda Day was first observed on 28t Oct., 2016.
During the Pradosh Kaal which is the time after sunset and remain for about two and half hours, Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped on Dhanteras. A piece of new red cloth should be spread on the raised platform. A handful of grains in the middle of the cloth, a kalash filled with water and mango leaves, water mixed with Ganga jal, a fruit, a flower, a coin and some rice grains are also kept together. The idol of Lord Ganesh and goddess Lakshmi are kept on grains. The important business books are also kept. Also (Diyas) light is lit, and offer prayers for the success, happiness and prosperity.
This year Dhanteras festival will be on 5th November 2018. We wish you all happy and prosperous Dhanteras in advance.