Ugadi or Yugadi word is derived from sanskrit words Yuga means age and adi means starting the beginning of New Year. Ugadi is New Year of Telugu and Kannada communities in India. This festival falls in the month of Chaitra, as per Hindu calendar it comes in the month of March or in the month of April. This date moon signifies a change in the seasons and essentially means ugadi is a spring festival. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana observe a public holiday on this day. In the other part of India, in the state of Maharashtra it is celebrated a Gudi Padwa as New Year.
It is believed that Lord Brahma created the universe on this day of full moon, and it is celebrated as New Year.
Other belief is nine days festival Chaitra Navratri begins on this day and ends with the birth of Lord Rama (Ram Navami). The creator of the Hindu Pantheon Lord Brahma started creation on this day the Ugadi day is also called Chaitra Suddha Padhyami.
According to Hindu religion, a cycle of 60 years is known as samvatsara and this day marks the beginning of a new samvatsara.
A week in advance people clean their house, and colourful patterrns rangoli is drawn on the floor is called Kolamulus (kannada: Rangoli), fresh mango leaves go up around front doors for good luck and it is called toranalu (Konnada: toranagalu). People buy new cloths and gifts for each other. On the day of festival, people wake up early morning they take special oil bath. A special food called bevu Bella is prepared. People also visit Hindu temples. This festival is celebrated to welcome spring season, it is joyful festival, signifying growth and prosperity. This tells us to put all the shadows of the past behind, let’s look forward to a new start, Realize new dreams, new hopes, new achievements, new courage.
On this day of Ugadi people prepare the Ugadi Pachadi or Bevu bella is a pest (chutney), prepared from Jaggery or sugar, Neem leaves, tamarind juice and raw mango. The paste combines sweet and sour tastes. This reminds the life is mixture of happy and sad events. In Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, the special dish is prepared for the occasion is called Bobbattu (Polelu, Puran poli) are prepared on this occasion. This special dish is called Bhakshalu. Boorelu in which is eaten with fresh ghee in Andhra pradesh and Telangana state. In Karnataka too, similar preparations are made but called abbattu or holige, consists of a filling gram and jaggery/sugar boiled and made into a paste stuffed in a roti.
Happy Ugadi 2018 is on 18th of March. We wish you successful, prosperous, Cheerful New Year.