Rama Navami is birth day of Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu came in human form in the land of Ayodhya. It is a Spring festival of Hindu’s, and part of the festival Chaitra Navratri, it comes on the ninth day of Chaitra Navratri, in month of Chaitra as per Hindu calendar. It falls in the month of March or April. Ram Navami is a relatively a small festival of Hinduism. It is also observed as the marriage day of Rama and Sita and thus also referred to as Kalyanotsavam.
Lord Rama is example of the perfect person (Maryada Purushottam), shown in Ramayana. He was the embodiment of gentleness, Kindness, compassions and integrity. It is said that listening to the Ramayana narrated by a pure devotee of the Lord Rama cleanses all the misgivings from one’s mind and heart. Meditating on Lord Rama and chanting his name is believed to ease the mental agonies. One can also learn from the life of Rama, how to live a life. One should live life without any complaint, as Lord Rama was a Prince and it was announced that he will be the king of Ayodhya, but next day because of his step mother he had to leave everything and go to the jungle for 14 years, to live a miserable, difficult life, but he had no ill feelings for his step mother.
Hindu people visit to Rama temple for prayers, puja and aarti. Whereas some pray at home, they celebrate with friends and relatives, people participate in singing Bhajans and Kirtan with music as a part of puja. Some devotees celebrate this event by making infant statue bath with Panchamrit (Milk, Butter, Honey, Curd, Tulsi Patra), they wear infant statue beautiful cloths, then they place in a cradle. Devotees also organize community meals, whereas some remain fasting in honour of Lord Rama.
In Ayodhya the birth place of Lord Rama, it is celebrated at a large scale. Huge fair is held with thousands of devotees gathering for celebration of this festival. The fair is held for two days. Rathayatras the procession , also known as Shobha yatras carrying the statue or picture of Lord Rama, Sita, Laxman and Hanuman are taken in chariot at several places. Many people also take a dip in river Sarayu of Ayodhya.
Ram Navami is celebrated all over in India by Hindu Community, people visit to places associated with lord Rama. Like- Ayodhya, Ujjain, Tamil Nadu (Rameshwaram), Telangana (Bhadrachalam) and West Bengal, the Jagannath temples and regional Vaishnava community observe Rama Navami, and treat it as the day when preparations begin for their annual jagannath Ratha Yatra in summer. In Andhra Pradesh, Rama Navami is celebrated for 10 days from the Chaitra Saptami to the Bahula Padyami that falls in the month of March or April.